International Door & Operator Industry

NOV-DEC 2017

Garage door industry magazine for garage door dealers, garage door manufacturers, garage door distributors, garage door installers, loading docks, garage door operators and openers, gates, and tools for the door industry.

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Page 52 of 126

adjacent walking surface so small children are not able to reach it, and (c) away from all moving parts of the door." This is a required statement to be included in all instruction manuals for UL 325 compliant residential and commercial garage door operators. The reason for the 5ft requirement is to reduce the likelihood of children actuating the door or playing with the control buttons, as such behavior could increase the risk of injury with a moving garage door. So, you plan to mount the door button at least 5 ft. above the floor. Great! Well, almost. You recently overheard a discussion from some industry colleagues about accessibility for compliance with ADA (Americans with Disability Act) and from what you heard, the wall control button shall be mounted not higher than 48 inches (4 ft.) above the floor, to provide the required level of accessibility (for example by a person using a wheelchair). They even showed you a copy of ICC/ANSI A117.1 (ANSI Standard for Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities) indicating that the height of an operable control shall be maximum 48 inches high. The dilemma you are now faced with….do you mount the button at 4 ft. (or lower) to satisfy ADA and A117.1, or do you mount it at 5ft (or higher) per UL 325/CPSC? You scratch your head for a moment, and decide to go to the truck to eat your lunch. Luckily, you pick up this magazine and read this article. The 5ft minimum mounting height is a requirement in UL 325, and is mandated by federal law per CPSC. Installing a UL 325 listed operator is required by most state or local regulators. Regarding ADA, these are also important regulations you certainly don't want to ignore. To better understand exactly what is required, you might think you need to read deeper. Alas, you first need to take a step back. Are the residential garage door and the operator control button covered by A117.1 or other ADA regulations? According to information from ICC staff, who publish A117.1, "Single family houses, duplexes and 3-unit buildings are exempt from accessibility requirements either under IBC (International Building Code) or US Fair Housing." More importantly, even if the building is not exempt, the overhead garage door is usually not considered to be an "accessible route" under the regulations. Further, if a door is an automatic type (such as with a motor drive), both ADA and A117.1 indicate that compliance with ANSI BHMA A156.10 or A156.19 is required. Both of these standards cover pedestrian type doors (swing and slide type such as at the entrance to airport or grocery stores). They do not cover or address overhead garage doors. In some cases, other doors (man-doors) are provided in a garage, and can be configured to meet accessibility requirements if required. Last, even if there is a requirement to provide a control for accessibility, other options exist such as using a remote control kept by the person needing access. For a commercial garage door operator, such as sectional overhead door at a car service bay, or a parking garage at a shopping mall or apartment complex, a similar approach can be taken. The requirement for mounting the wall control button minimum 5ft high still applies here, in accordance with UL 325. Regarding ADA, it is more likely that the building or structure where the door is installed is within the scope of the requirements, as these locations are often accessible to the public. However, is the overhead garage door within the structure considered an accessible route? Or are there other doors/pathways that provide the required accessible route, and the overhead door is not relied upon for this purpose? From a practicality standpoint, most commercial overhead garage doors with an automatic operator will have various methods of actuating the door, such as a facilities attendant, a ground loop to detect a vehicle, a wireless remote inside a vehicle, or a ticket/pay station. Also, a separate man-door to provide entrance/exit is often provided for access per other code requirements. Therefore, mounting the wall button to control the overhead door at least 5 ft. above the floor should not present a conflict with ADA requirements. Additional accessible options are available, without mounting the control button lower than 5 ft and compromising the UL 325 safety requirements. ASSOCIATIONNEWS "The dilemma you are [now] faced with….do you mount the button at 4 ft. (or lower) to satisfy ADA and A117.1, or do you mount it at 5ft (or higher) per UL 325/CPSC? You scratch your head for a moment, and decide to go to the truck to eat your lunch. Luckily, you pick up this magazine and read this article." (continued from page 48) 50 International Door & Operator Industry™ (continued on page 52)

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